Agent Orange, a chemical used by the U.S. military during the war, continues to have harmful impacts in Vietnam today. The Red Cross estimates that three million Vietnamese have been affected by Agent Orange, including at least 150,000 children born with serious birth defects. This is a humanitarian concern.
Does Agent Orange still affect Vietnam today?
After its use in the 1960s, Agent Orange was banned by the U.S. in 1971 and remaining stocks were taken from Vietnam and the U.S. to Johnston Atoll, a U.S. controlled island about 700 miles SE of Hawaii, where it was destroyed in 1978. There is no ‘Agent Orange’ in Vietnam or anywhere else today.
Is Agent Orange still causing birth defects in Vietnam?
Millions of Vietnamese are living with the effects of Agent Orange and more are being born with defects linked to the herbicide. Many living in poor villages do not receive the health care and rehabilitation they need, simply because they cannot afford to seek treatment.
How is Vietnam affected by Agent Orange?
Ecological refugees. The use of Agent Orange is considered a “notorious example” of the expropriation of human environment for warfare, forcing many rural Vietnamese to move to cities as ecological refugees to survive because their crops and livelihood had been destroyed.
When did they stop spraying Agent Orange in Vietnam?
The U.S. government stopped the spraying of all herbicides in October 1971, but the South Vietnamese military continued spraying various chemicals until 1972. [viii] The production of Agent Orange was halted in the 1970s.
Is Vietnam still affected by the Vietnam War?
Millions of Americans and Vietnamese are still affected, directly and indirectly, by the wartime U.S. spraying of Agent Orange and other herbicides over South Vietnam.
How is Agent Orange still affecting people today?
Agent Orange is linked to serious health issues including cancers, severe psychological and neurological problems, and birth defects, both among the Vietnamese people and the men and women of the U.S. military.
Can the effects of Agent Orange be passed down?
Both male and female Vietnam veterans who faced Agent Orange exposure can pass spina bifida along to their children years after their military service ended.
What are the 14 diseases associated with Agent Orange?
Here are the 14 health conditions associated with Agent Orange exposure as of 2020:
- Chronic B-Cell Leukemia.
- Hodgkin’s disease.
- Multiple Myeloma.
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
- Prostate cancer.
- Respiratory Cancers.
- Soft tissue sarcomas.
- Ischemic heart disease.
What is the average compensation for Agent Orange?
Of the 105,000 claims received by the Payment Program, approximately 52,000 Vietnam Veterans or their survivors received cash payments which averaged about $3,800 each.
Who dropped Agent Orange in Vietnam?
U.S. Veterans of Laos and Cambodia
The United States fought secret wars in Laos and Cambodia, dropping large quantities of Agent Orange in each of those countries. According to one estimate, the U.S. dropped 475,500 gallons of Agent Orange in Laos and 40,900 in Cambodia.
What did Agent Purple do?
Agent Purple is the code name for a powerful herbicide and defoliant used by the U.S. military in their herbicidal warfare program during the Vietnam War. The name comes from the purple stripe painted on the barrels to identify the contents.
Where was the most Agent Orange sprayed in Vietnam?
Setting Priorities: Addressing the Heavily Sprayed AreasTwelve provinces were the most heavily sprayed with Agent Orange during the war. Ten of them cluster around one of the three air bases that became the most contaminate with dioxin: Da Nang, Phu Cat and Bien Hoa. Total Area Sprayed (sq. kms.)
How many Vietnam veterans have died from Agent Orange?
Legacy of Agent Orange in Vietnam
In addition to the massive environmental devastation of the U.S. defoliation program in Vietnam, that nation has reported that some 400,000 people were killed or maimed as a result of exposure to herbicides like Agent Orange.
After a period of testing, on this day in 1962, President John F. Kennedy gave final approval to “Operation Ranch Hand” — a massive effort to defoliate the forests of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos with an herbicide known as Agent Orange.
Why did the U.S. use Agent Orange in Vietnam?
Agent Orange, mixture of herbicides that U.S. military forces sprayed in Vietnam from 1962 to 1971 during the Vietnam War for the dual purpose of defoliating forest areas that might conceal Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces and destroying crops that might feed the enemy.