Why did the Dutch take over Indonesia?

Competing British traders, the Napoleonic wars in Europe, and the Java War implied a big financial burden on the Dutch kingdom’s budget. It was decided that Java should become a major source of revenue for the Dutch and therefore Governor-General Van den Bosch ushered in the era of the ‘Cultivation System’ in 1830.

Why did the Dutch Takeover Indonesia?

The colonization of Indonesia, which was motivated by Dutch economic interests, was portrayed as a “civilizing mission,” that is, the notion that Indonesians were primitive and backwards and that the Dutch, as Europeans, would civilize and modernise them.

What did the Dutch want from Indonesia?

In 1602, the Dutch created the world’s first multinational trading empire called the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) or Dutch East India Company (Woods, 2009: 25). The Dutch wanted to gain supremacy in the Asian trading sphere – particularly over the British and the Portuguese.

When did the Dutch capture Indonesia?

After the VOC was dissolved in 1800 following bankruptcy, and after a short British rule under Thomas Stamford Raffles, the Dutch state took over the VOC possessions in 1816. A Javanese uprising was crushed in the Java War of 1825–1830.

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How many years did the Dutch rule Indonesia?

For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.

How did the Dutch affect Indonesia?

Starting in the 1830s, the Dutch instituted a sugar-growing system in some areas, building 94 sugar-processing factories, as well as roads and railroads to transport materials and products. Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country.

Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?

Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies. Most of them moved to the Netherlands. Many had never been there before.

What did the Dutch trade with Indonesia?

Slave trading was widely carried out during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia. Especially in North Sumatra, human trading for plantation workers, known as coolies, was widely practiced around 150 years ago.

Is Dutch still spoken in Indonesia?

Despite the Dutch presence in Indonesia for almost 350 years (parts of Indonesia were ruled by the Dutch East India Company and subsequently the whole of what is now Indonesia was in the Dutch East Indies), the Dutch language has no official status there and the small minority that can speak the language fluently are …

What was the original name of Indonesia?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies).

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Was Sulawesi colonized by the Dutch?

Dutch Celebes refers to the period of colonial governance on the island of Sulawesi – as a commandment of the Dutch East India Company from 1699 until its demise in the early 1800s, and then as a part of the Netherlands Indies or Dutch East Indies until 1945.

Where did the Dutch have control in Asia?

The Dutch established a colony at Tayouan (present-day Anping), in the south of Taiwan, an island then largely dominated by Portuguese traders and known as Formosa; and, in 1642 the Dutch took northern Formosa from the Spanish by force. In 1646, the Dutch tried to capture the Spanish colony in the Philippines.

What side was Indonesia on in ww2?

The Japanese Empire occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945.

Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies.

Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies Ranryō Higashi Indo 蘭領東印度
Today part of Indonesia East Timor

Why is Netherlands Dutch?

Specifically the phrase High Dutch referred to people from the mountainous area of what is now southern Germany. Low Dutch referred to people from the flatlands in what is now the Netherlands. Within the Holy Roman Empire, the word Netherlands was used to describe people from the low-lying (nether) region (land).

How did Indonesia gain independence from the Dutch?

Dutch and Indonesian representatives signed an agreement on November 2, 1949, which provided for independence for Indonesia. Indonesia formally achieved its independence from the Netherlands as the United States of Indonesia on December 27, 1949.

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