Question: Why was Vietnam called Indochina?

The term Indochina (originally Indo-China) was coined in the early nineteenth century, emphasizing the cultural influence of Indian and Chinese civilizations on the area. The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today’s Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam).

Did Vietnam used to be called Indochina?

Indochina, also called (until 1950) French Indochina or French Indochine Française, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union.

What is the meaning of Indochina?

[ in-doh-chahy-nuh ] SHOW IPA. / ˈɪn doʊˈtʃaɪ nə / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a peninsula in Southeast Asia, between the Bay of Bengal and the South China Sea, comprising Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, western Malaysia, and Myanmar (Burma).

When did Vietnam become Indochina?

By 1884, the entire country had come under French rule, with the central and northern parts of Vietnam separated in the two protectorates of Annam and Tonkin. The three Vietnamese entities were formally integrated into the union of French Indochina in 1887.

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Who named Indochina?

The historical term French Indochina was a federation of French colonies and protectorates, that France named Cochinchina, Tonkin, Annam, Laos and Cambodia. France had an imperial presence in the region between 1884 and 1954. France withdrew from southeast Asia following the loss of the Indochina War.

How long was Vietnam under French control?

The French colonisation of Vietnam began in earnest in the 1880s and lasted six decades. The French justified their imperialism with a ‘civilising mission’, a pledge to develop backward nations.

Why did France colonize Laos?

France had a presence in Vietnam during this time, and in August 1883 the two nations signed a treaty outlining French protection of Vietnam from Chinese forces. This was the basis of France’s claim to land in Laos. They pursued their goals by exploiting the tributary system as understood by the Siamese and Vietnamese.

What happened to Indochina?

Geneva Accords: The 1954 settlement that ended the First Indochina War, reached at the end of the Geneva Conference. A ceasefire was signed and France agreed to withdraw its troops from the region. French Indochina was split into three countries: Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

What is meant by Ho Chi Minh?

It was during this time that he began regularly using the name Hồ Chí Minh, a Vietnamese name combining a common Vietnamese surname (Hồ, 胡) with a given name meaning “Bright spirit” or “Clear will” (from Sino-Vietnamese 志 明: Chí meaning “will” or “spirit” and Minh meaning “bright”).

Who colonized Vietnam Cambodia Laos?

The French Come to Indochina

France did not set out to conquer Indochina all at once. Over a period of more than 350 years the French gradually extended their control over Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.

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Why did Vietnamese fight the French in Indochina?

Vietnamese guerrillas fought the french in an effort to win independence.

What was the name of Vietnam before 1945?

Names of Vietnam

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1804–1839 Việt Nam
1839–1945 Đại Nam
1887–1954 Đông Dương (Bắc/Trung/Nam Kỳ)
from 1945 Việt Nam

Why did France lose the Indochina War?

The French lost their Indochinese colonies due to political, military, diplomatic, economic and socio-cultural factors. The fall of Dien Bien Phu in 1954 signalled a loss of French power. General Vo Nguyen Giap and his Viet Minh had triumphed on the eve of the Geneva Conference.

Who colonized Laos?

French protectorate of Laos

Protectorate of Laos ລາວ
Status Protectorate of France (1893–1899); Constituent territory of French Indochina (1899–1953)
Capital Vientiane (official) Luang Prabang (royal)
Common languages French (official), Lao
Religion Theravada Buddhism Roman Catholicism

Are there still French in Vietnam?

After 1954, French fell into disuse in North Vietnam, and maintained a high status in South Vietnam. Since the Fall of Saigon in 1975, French has declined in modern Vietnam: in 2018, under 1% of the population was fluent in French.

What are the two gulfs on either side of Indochina?

The Gulf of Tonkin lies at the northwestern part of the South China Sea, off the coasts of Vietnam and South China. The Gulf of Thailand is located in the southwestern South China Sea, between the southwestern shores of the Indochinese Peninsula and the northern half of the Malay Peninsula. Mark got it right.