How does plastic waste affect Indonesia?

Indonesia is among the world’s top contributors to plastic pollution, in a world where more than 8 million metric tons of plastic are dumped into oceans every year. Scientists have warned that by 2050 there will be more plastic by weight in the oceans than fish.

How does plastic affect Indonesia?

Indonesia is the second-largest contributor to the abundance of plastic waste in the ocean. This waste has harmful economic consequences for the country and its people. Indonesia currently produces 6.8 million tons of plastic waste per year, with only about 10% of it ending up in recycling centers.

Why does Indonesia produce so much plastic waste?

Indonesia generates approximately 7.8 million tons of plastic waste annually. 4.9 million tons of plastic waste is mismanaged—e.g. uncollected, disposed of in open dumpsites or leaked from improperly managed landfills.

How much plastic waste is in Indonesia?

Indonesia generates approximately 6.8 million tons of plastic waste every year, according to the Indonesia National Plastic Action Partnership (NPAP), a collaboration between the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Investment and the Global Plastic Action Partnership.

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Why is Indonesia so polluted?

Issues include large-scale deforestation (much of it illegal) and related wildfires causing heavy smog over parts of western Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore; over-exploitation of marine resources; and environmental problems associated with rapid urbanisation and economic development, including air pollution, traffic …

How does Indonesia manage their waste?

According to data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK), in 2019, Indonesia is able to reduce, reuse, and recycle only 14.58% of its waste, while 34.60% are managed – as in dumped in landfills or incinerated – thereby bringing the national waste management to 49.18%.

How much waste does Indonesia import?

Waste imports into Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries surged after China enforced a ban on the import of all waste at the start of 2018. Indonesia’s imports of plastic waste more than doubled that year to 283,000 tons following the ban, according to the national statistics agency.

Does Indonesia recycle plastic?

The numbers on Indonesia’s plastic waste challenge are sobering. Indonesia’s National Plastic Action Partnership estimates that only 10 percent of Indonesia’s yearly 6.8 million tons of plastic waste is recycled and nearly half is dumped or burned.

How does ocean pollution affect Indonesia?

Pollution at this scale threatens to devastate fishing and tourism industries (risking over US$3 billion in annual tourism revenue) and damage the nation’s rich marine biodiversity and extensive mangrove, seagrass, and coral reef habitats.

How much food is wasted Indonesia?

According to the results of a study by Bappenas together with several other institutions, Indonesia disposes 23-48 million tons of food waste per year in the period of 2000-2019 or equivalent to 115-184 kilograms per capita per year.

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Why plastic waste is a problem?

But the production and disposal of plastic generates greenhouse gases and hazardous waste. Plastic and the chemicals it emits are building up on land and in oceans, lakes, rivers, ice, and air, and the resulting damage to human and ecological health is currently poorly understood.

Which country has the most plastic pollution?

China contributes the highest share of mismanaged plastic waste with around 28 percent of the global total, followed by 10 percent in Indonesia, 6 percent for both the Philippines and Vietnam.

How is plastic pollution affecting the world?

Plastics pollution has a direct and deadly effect on wildlife. Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic or getting entangled in it.

How does air pollution affect Indonesia?

Regardless of the causes, 80 percent of Indonesia’s 256 million people lived in areas where the annual average particulate pollution level exceeded the WHO guideline in 2016. This high air pollution is now undermining Indonesians’ health. In 1998, air pollution barely impacted the life expectancy of Indonesians.

How is Indonesia affected by climate change?

The impacts of climate change in Indonesia include, but are not limited to: temperature increase, intense rainfall, a rise in sea-level, and a threat to food security.

How corrupt is Indonesia?

Transparency International’s 2020 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 102th place out of 180 countries, dropped from 96 the previous year. There are two key areas in the public sector in which corruption in Indonesia can be found. These are the justice and civil service sectors.

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