Generally the Dutch would export high-quality sugar from Indonesia while keeping lower-quality sugar in the country. Overall, the system became massive; at one point in the mid-19th century, sugar production in Java accounted for one-third of the Dutch government’s revenues and 4 percent of Dutch GDP.
What happened when the Dutch colonized Indonesia?
During colonial rule, Dutch forces regularly committed atrocities and Indonesian civilians were tortured, raped, and executed. Even in the last years of colonialism, thousands of supporters of independence were jailed. The men who led these atrocities have often been lionized in the Netherlands.
Who colonized Indonesia and what was the main impact?
Europeans such as the Portuguese arrived in Indonesia from the 16th century seeking to monopolise the sources of valuable nutmeg, cloves, and cubeb pepper in Maluku. In 1602, the Dutch established the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and became the dominant European power by 1610.
How did the presence of the Dutch alter affect Indonesian society?
The Dutch brought new technology over to Indonesia. After they became an independent country, they even elected a president. Negative Effects: The Dutch destroyed the peaceful way of life of the Indonesian people by bringing violence into the country.
Why was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?
The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.
What did the Dutch want from Indonesia?
In 1602, the Dutch created the world’s first multinational trading empire called the Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie (VOC) or Dutch East India Company (Woods, 2009: 25). The Dutch wanted to gain supremacy in the Asian trading sphere – particularly over the British and the Portuguese.
How did Indonesia gain independence from the Dutch?
Dutch and Indonesian representatives signed an agreement on November 2, 1949, which provided for independence for Indonesia. Indonesia formally achieved its independence from the Netherlands as the United States of Indonesia on December 27, 1949.
What did the Dutch trade with Indonesia?
Slave trading was widely carried out during the Dutch colonial period in Indonesia. Especially in North Sumatra, human trading for plantation workers, known as coolies, was widely practiced around 150 years ago.
How did colonialism affect the colonized country?
Colonialism’s impacts include environmental degradation, the spread of disease, economic instability, ethnic rivalries, and human rights violations—issues that can long outlast one group’s colonial rule.
When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?
The Dutch finally ended all resistance to the superior Japanese forces on March 8, surrendering on Java. Java’s independence of colonial control became a final fact of history in 1950, when it became part of the newly independent Republic of Indonesia.
Why did the Dutch leave Indonesia?
After the Second World War, the Netherlands tried to reconquer their former colony, which they had been forced to abandon to the Japanese in 1942. But Indonesian nationalists claimed independence for the archipelago.
How long did the Dutch colonized Indonesia?
For example, when you talk to an Indonesian individual about the colonial period (whether the individual is highly educated or uneducated) he/she will say that Indonesia was colonized by the Dutch for three and a half centuries.
What was Indonesia like before colonization?
The archipelago we now know as Indonesia consisted of islands and estates ruled by various kingdoms and empires, sometimes living in peaceful coexistence while at other times being at state of war with each other. This vast archipelago lacked the sense of social and political unity that Indonesia has today.
What happened to Indonesia after ww2?
Under pressure from radical and politicised pemuda (‘youth’) groups, on 17 August 1945, two days after the Japanese Emperor’s surrender in the Pacific, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence.
Who did the Dutch colonize?
The Dutch colonized many parts of the world — from America to Asia and Africa to South America; they also occupied many African countries for years. From the 17th century onwards, the Dutch started to colonize many parts of Africa, including Ivory Coast, Ghana, South Africa, Angola, Namibia and Senegal.
Are there still Dutch in Indonesia?
Over a 15-year period after the Republic of Indonesia became an independent state, virtually the entire Dutch population, Indische Nederlanders (Dutch Indonesians), estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, left the former Dutch East Indies. Most of them moved to the Netherlands. Many had never been there before.