Why was Viet Cong important?

The Viet Cong were South Vietnamese supporters of the communist National Liberation Front in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War (known in Vietnam as the American War). They were allied with North Vietnam and the troops of Ho Chi Minh, who sought to conquer the south and create a unified, communist state of Vietnam.

What was the impact of Vietcong?

The Guerilla tactics of the Vietcong had an enormous impact on both American military effectiveness and morale. Traversing the jungle on bicycles or on foot, the Vietcong were far more mobile and agile than cumbersome American jeeps and tanks, meaning that they were quickly able to outflank and surround their enemy.

What was one advantage that the Vietcong had over the US?

Their having lived in these areas prior to the war gave them superior knowledge of the land, which they used to plant traps and plan ambushes. Additionally, they were not tied down by as rigid of a military structure as the US, so they were able to fight independently and wage their own private wars.

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Why was the Vietcong an effective fighting force?

They were extremely successful because they had very good and vital knowledge of the forests and jungles and were able to protect their supplies from damage by using the Ho Chi Minh Trail.

What advantages did the Vietcong have?

What military advantages did the Vietcong have over the Americans? Knowledge of the land, ability to blend in with civilians, more of a reason to fight.

Why did US fight in Vietnam?

The U.S. entered the Vietnam War in an attempt to prevent the spread of communism, but foreign policy, economic interests, national fears, and geopolitical strategies also played major roles. Learn why a country that had been barely known to most Americans came to define an era.

Did the Viet Cong win?

Although the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong sustained enormous casualties—upward of a million killed by wounds, disease and malnutrition—the communists eventually prevailed.

What important lessons about modern warfare did the Vietnam War offer the United States?

What important lessons about modern warfare did involvement in the Vietnam War offer the US? Holding ground against guerrilla warfare fighters is not a good tactic. Taking ground should not be the main objective when fighting against guerrilla warfare fighters.

Why was America unsuccessful in Vietnam?

America “lost” South Vietnam because it was an artificial construct created in the wake of the French loss of Indochina. Because there never was an “organic” nation of South Vietnam, when the U.S. discontinued to invest military assets into that construct, it eventually ceased to exist.

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Why did US withdraw from Vietnam?

The United States withdrew from the Vietnam War for several reasons. The Army had to fight in unfamiliar territory, was lacking in moral, were not prepared for the conditions, could not shut down the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and were untrained to respond to guerilla warfare.

How did the Vietcong gain support in South Vietnam?

The Vietcong were supported by the South Vietnamese peasants because they would offer to help them with their daily work. It was difficult for American troops to know who was a Vietcong and who was not.

Where did the Vietcong get their weapons?

Sources of Weapons

Although most of their weapons, uniforms, and equipment were provided by the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China, the North Vietnamese also carried arms captured from the French and even the Japanese in the earlier Indochinese wars.

What military strategies did the Viet Cong use against the Americans?

The Vietcong encouraged a fear amongst the peasants that the Americans and South Vietnamese would take this land back. They would frustrate the Americans by simple tactics: retreating when the enemy attacked; raiding enemy camps; attacking the enemy when they were tired and pursuing the enemy when they retreated.

How did the Viet Cong replenish their supplies & Soldiers?

Tunnel networks stretched from Cu Chi, an area near Saigon, to the Cambodian border. After battling U.S. infantry forces, the Viet Cong disappeared into their tunnels to reorganize, care for their wounded and replenish supplies. Even though the tunnels were hand-dug, they were sophisticated and well-secured.

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What was the Viet Cong’s strategy in fighting American forces?

What was the Vietcong’s strategy in fighting American forces? Vietcong forces used small engagements and ambushes to wear down American troops. Vietcong forces avoided the large battles that would give an advantage to the large, heavily armed American forces.