The Viet Cong were South Vietnamese supporters of the communist National Liberation Front in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War (known in Vietnam as the American War). They were allied with North Vietnam and the troops of Ho Chi Minh, who sought to conquer the south and create a unified, communist state of Vietnam.
What does the word Viet Cong mean?
Definition of Vietcong
: a guerrilla member of the Vietnamese Communist movement.
What does Viet Cong mean in world history?
Viet Cong (VC), in full Viet Nam Cong San, English Vietnamese Communists, the guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s–1975) and the United States (early 1960s–1973).
Why was it called the Viet Cong?
The name Viet Cong comes from the phrase “cong san Viet Nam,” meaning “Vietnamese communist.” The term is rather derogatory, however, so perhaps a better translation would be “Vietnamese commie.”
Why was the Viet Cong called Charlie?
American soldiers referred to the Viet Cong as Victor Charlie or V-C. “Victor” and “Charlie” are both letters in the NATO phonetic alphabet. “Charlie” referred to communist forces in general, both Viet Cong and North Vietnamese.
How did the Viet Cong win?
How effective were the VC tactics? The main objectives and aims of the Vietcong were to use guerilla warfare to achieve victory against the USA. This meant that they had to retreat when the enemy attacked, pursue when they retreated, attack when they tired and raid when they camped.
What is difference between Viet Cong and NVA?
The current military of Vietnam is called the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN). Originally the NVA were supposed to soldiers of North Vietnam supporting the rebellion in South Vietnam and the Viet Cong (VC) were supposed to be natives of South Vietnam fighting against the South Vietnamese government.
Why did the US find it impossible to defeat the Viet Cong?
The Vietcong had an intricate knowledge of the terrain. They won the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people by living in their villages and helping them with their everyday lives. Their tunnel systems, booby-traps and jungle cover meant they were difficult to defeat and hard to find.
What does DMZ mean in Vietnam War?
… signing of the accords, a demilitarized zone, or DMZ, was to be created by mutual withdrawal of forces north and south of the 17th parallel, and the transfer of any civilians who wished to leave either side was to be completed.
Who led the Viet Cong?
First de Marrais tells them that it was Americans who created the Viet Minh, a precursor to the Viet Cong, in 1945. That is nonsense. The OSS, later to become the CIA, only backed the Viet Minh in world war two because it was already an established guerrilla group, capable of spying on the Japanese.
What nickname did the Vietnam War have?
It has been variously called the Second Indochina War, the Vietnam Conflict, the Vietnam War, and Nam. In Vietnam it is commonly known as Kháng chiến chống Mỹ (Resistance War against America).
Is Vietnam still communist?
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party state. A new state constitution was approved in April 1992, replacing the 1975 version. The central role of the Communist Party was reasserted in all organs of government, politics and society.
Who funded the Viet Cong?
Elections were planned to reunite the country within two years, but Diem, with U.S. approval, never submitted to a vote that he feared losing. Instead, a communist insurgency broke out, pitting the so-called Viet Cong, who were sponsored by North Vietnam, against Diem’s forces.