Since the Department of Agriculture (DA) confirmed the first outbreak started in July 2019, as of July 2021, ASF spread to 50 out of its 81 provinces [reference1].
Where ASF start in the Philippines?
Philippines confirms first ASF outbreak in Samar Island.
When did the ASF start?
African swine fever (ASF) was first identified in East Africa in the early 1900s as a disease causing high mortality in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus).
Where is the first case of ASF?
Abstract: African swine fever (ASF) poses a major threat to swine health and welfare worldwide. After several European countries have reported cases of ASF, Greece confirmed officially the first positive case on 5 February 2020.
Is there ASF in the Philippines?
The DA confirmed that the first ASF outbreak started in July 2019. ASF outbreaks have been reported in Luzon, Mindanao and Leyte Islands, resulting to drastic decline in the national swine production. According to the DA’s Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI), ASF cases in the country peaked to 1,773 in August 2020.
Why did ASF start in the Philippines?
Initial investigation showed the ASF virus could have been transmitted to local farms in Leyte through infected boar being used for natural mating and by hog traders who might have fed their stocks with contaminated food products. In Samar Island, the ASF virus has spread through the transport of pork meat.
Is ASF a virus?
African Swine Fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. In its acute form the disease generally results in high mortality. ASF is a different disease to swine flu. The virus does not affect people and there is no impact on human health.
What is the history of ASF?
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious and fatal viral disease of domestic pigs. It was first described in Kenya, East Africa, in 1921, and soon afterwards in South Africa and Angola, as a disease that killed settlers’ pigs. Contact with warthogs was proven to be important in transmission of the virus.
How did ASF start?
African swine fever (ASF) was discovered by Montgomery in Kenya in 1921, as a new disease causing high mortalities in recently imported European pigs. Following decades ASF was observed in several Sub-Saharan countries.
What is the cause of ASF?
What is ASF? African swine fever is a highly contagious haemorrhagic viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, responsible for serious production and economic losses due to its high mortality rate and the control measures implemented by affected countries. It is caused by a DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family.
How can we prevent ASF in the Philippines?
Controlling an outbreak quickly and efficiently
Culling animals on infected farms, followed by cleaning and disinfection. Tracing possible contact farms, followed by quarantine or preventive culling. Tightening biosecurity measures. Transport ban on pigs and pork products.
What countries have ASF?
ASF is found in countries around the world. More recently, it has spread to the Dominican Republic and Haiti. ASF has also spread through China, Mongolia and Vietnam, as well as within parts of the European Union. It has never been found in the United States – and we want to keep it that way.
When did ASF start in China?
In August 2018, ASF was detected in Shenyang in Liaoning province, China, and then spread to all mainland provinces. As of July 2019, there were a total of 162 ASF outbreaks in all parts of China. Figure 1 shows the numbers of ASF outbreaks and pig deaths during the first year of the ASF pandemic.
How did ASF affect the Philippines?
This has forced the country to ramp up pork imports to address an acute domestic shortage. The Philippines Department of Agriculture (DA)’s Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) highlighted that, since mid-2019, the ASF virus has affected pig farms in 2,981 barangays, in 579 cities and municipalities, mostly in Luzon.
Is there a vaccine for ASF?
Since no commercial vaccine is currently available, the prevention and control of ASF are essentially based on biosecurity and rapid test-removal policy. The pandemic of ASF has caused significant economic losses and threatened global pork production.
Which countries have been affected by ASF in 2021?
In September 2019, the first occurrence of ASF in Oceania was reported by Timor-Leste, followed by Papua New Guinea (March 2020). And in July 2021 the disease reappeared in the Americas after an absence of almost 40 years, having been introduced in Dominican Republic and later in Haiti.