Lyme disease is a tick-borne zoonotic disease caused by spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. It is transmitted from animals to humans by the bite of infected ticks of the genus Ixodes. Although Lyme disease has been reported in China and Japan, the disease has never been reported in Thailand.
What country is Lyme disease most common in?
Lyme disease is the most common reported tick-borne illness in the Unites States and is prevalent throughout much of central Europe.
Are ticks a problem in Thailand?
There has been a rise in the emergence of tick-borne diseases in new regions and increased incidence in many endemic areas where they are considered to be a serious public health problem. Recently, evidence of tick-borne pathogens in Thailand has been reported.
What countries are affected by Lyme disease?
In Asia, Borrelia burgdorferi infection has been reported in countries including China, Korea, Japan, Indonesia, Nepal, and eastern Turkey. In Europe, most Lyme disease is reported by Scandinavian countries, Germany, Austria, and Slovenia. Lyme disease in Europe is primarily caused by B afzelii and B garinii.
Is Lyme disease on every continent?
Lyme disease has been found on every continent except Antarctica. It is found all across the United States, with a particularly high incidence in the East, Midwest, and West Coast.
What states have no Lyme disease?
In addition, infected ticks have also been found in states neighboring those, as well as in some areas of Northern California, Oregon, and Washington. In 2017, confirmed cases of Lyme disease were reported from every US state except Arkansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Wyoming, and Hawaii.
What states have no ticks?
Ixodes ticks are not found in the Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
Does Lyme disease occur in every State in the continental United…
- Wormser, G.P., Masters, E., Livedris, D. et al. …
- Ledia, K.E., N.S. Zeidner, J.M. Riberio, et al. …
- Piesman, J., and C.M. Kapp.
When should you get a tick bite checked?
If you develop flu-like symptoms days or weeks after being bitten by a tick or notice that the skin surrounding a tick bite is becoming more swollen with enlarging areas of redness, it is time to visit a doctor for evaluation and possible treatment for Lyme disease.
What countries have tics?
Incidence is highest in Central and Eastern European countries. In Asia, infected ticks occur from western Russia through Mongolia, northeastern China, and Japan; however, human infection appears to be uncommon in most of these areas.
Is Lyme disease in Japan?
In Japan, Lyme disease is rare in areas outside of the northern islands (e.g., Hokkaido area). Therefore, Lyme disease may not be included in the differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin and/or facial paralysis in general medicine outpatient clinics in Japan.
Is Lyme disease in Europe?
Lyme disease, or Lyme borreliosis (LB), is a bacterial disease transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks. It is a common disease in Europe. The number of cases in Europe has increased steadily, more than 360 000 cases having been reported over the last two decades.
Is Lyme disease in Australia?
The Australian Government recognises the existence of classical Lyme disease which is found in high rates in endemic areas (mainly the north east of the USA, some areas of Europe including the UK and some parts of Asia). Australians can be infected in these endemic areas and bring the infection to Australia.
Is there Lyme disease in Spain?
The number of cases of Lyme disease decreases from the north of Spain (41%) to the south (26%), a distribution that is in agreement with the known range of Ixodes ricinus. Borrelia burgdorferi is a frequent cause of infection in some areas of Spain.
Is Lyme disease in New Zealand?
Lyme disease is common in parts of the United States (particularly in Massachusetts) and Europe but is reported from many areas of the world. In New Zealand and Australia, cases have only been confirmed in people that have recently travelled from an endemic area. Lyme disease is also called Lyme borreliosis.