Singapore was known in the 13th to 14th century as Temasek, a name also recorded in Chinese sources as Dan Ma Xi, a country recorded as having two distinct settlements – Long Ya Men and Ban Zu. It changed its name to Singapura perhaps towards the end of 14th century.
What was Singapore called in 1945?
Singapore, renamed Syonan-to (昭南島 Shōnan-tō, “Bright Southern Island” in Japanese), was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 to 1945.
What was Singapore called before 1819?
ABOUT “SINGAPURA BEFORE 1819”
The earliest records in which Singapore is mentioned describe it as a thriving port in the 14th century. It was known by different names then: The Chinese traders called it Danmaxi (Temasik or Temasek), while in the Sejarah Melayu (The Malay Annals), it was called Singapura.
What was Singapore called under British rule?
The colony was governed by the United Kingdom until it gained partial internal self-governance in 1955. The Crown colony was dissolved on 16 September 1963 when Singapore became a state of Malaysia, ending the 144 years of British rule on the island.
When did Singapore separated from Malaysia?
These culminated in the decision by Malaysian Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman to expel Singapore from the Federation, and on 9 August 1965, Singapore became independent.
Who lived Singapore before 1819?
Singapore Island originally was inhabited by fishermen and pirates, and it served as an outpost for the Sumatran empire of Srīvijaya. In Javanese inscriptions and Chinese records dating to the end of the 14th century, the more-common name of the island is Tumasik, or Temasek, from the Javanese word tasek (“sea”).
When Did Chinese come to Singapore?
History. During the 19th century, Chinese migration to Southeast Asia was a common occurrence. Many were unskilled and migrated from China to Southeast Asia for jobs during the colonial period of the region. In 1821, the first Chinese junk arrived in Singapore, then a newly founded British port.
How did the name Singapore originate?
Thus, the name Singapore comes from the Malay words “Singa” for lion and “Pura” for city. Prior to European settlement, the island now known as Singapore was the site of a Malay fishing village and inhabited by several hundred indigenous Orang Laut people.
When did Singapore become a First World country?
Singapore evolved from a dying nation to first world status towards the end of the 20th century. In 1990, Goh Chok Tong succeeded Lee as Prime Minister.
Why did Malaysia kick out Singapore?
On 9 August 1965, Singapore separated from Malaysia to become an independent and sovereign state. The separation was the result of deep political and economic differences between the ruling parties of Singapore and Malaysia, which created communal tensions that resulted in racial riots in July and September 1964.
How old is Singapore?
Singapore turns 56 on 9 August 2021! No matter where in the world you may be, we can’t wait to celebrate National Day with you.
Why did the Chinese come to Singapore?
A majority of them were coolies, workers on steamboats, etc. Some of them came to Singapore for work, in search of better living conditions or to escape poverty in China. Many of them also escaped to Singapore due to chaos and wars in China during the first half of the 20th century.
Who founded Singapore?
Widely recognized as the founder of the port city of Singapore, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles’ (1781-1826) path to Singapore wasn’t effortless as one might imagine; and the recounting of his contribution would not be accurate without mentioning the other founder – William Farquhar (1774-1839), a native born Scotsman.
Why did Singapore merge with Malaya?
Politically, the ruling People’s Action Party (PAP) needed the merger to secure its political legitimacy. When the party was voted into power in the 1959 general election, it had campaigned vigorously for Singapore’s independence through merger with Malaysia.
Who Rules Singapore?
Currently, the government and the cabinet are led by Prime Minister, Lee Hsien Loong while President Halimah Yacob is the Head of State. Singapore is known as a City in a Garden and nearly 50 percent of the island is green space.
Why did Tunku agree to merger?
The British had persuaded the Tunku to consider merger with Singapore by making it a condition for the decolonisation of Malaya. It was a heavy price for the Tunku to pay as a union with Singapore would cause the sheer number of Chinese in Singapore to displace the Malays in the federation as the majority.